The 2000 years Old Dam In India
The 2000 years Old Dam In India. Did you know that one of the major tourist spots in Tamil Nadu happens to be the oldest dam in India? Well, the Grand Anicut or Kallanai Dam built by the Chola Dynasty King Karikalan in Tamil Nadu attracts the most number of travellers in the state. The dam, built around 2000 years ago, is about 15 kilometers from Tiruchirapalli in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu. Kallanai is considered the oldest dam in India and the fourth oldest water diversion or water-regulator structure in the world to be still in use. Read on to know more about this engineering marvel in India that’s built with uncarved stones across the River Kaveri.
The 1,079 feet long, 66 feet wide, and 18 feet high Kallanai dam was built to divert river water to the fertile delta districts. And prevent excess water from flooding the farmland in the region, thereby boosting irrigation. However, the construction of the oldest dam in India wasn’t an easy process. Due to the shifting nature of sand and the tilt of the river bed, boulders were used. The massive stones settled on the river bed to make a strong broad base for the dam. However, before building the masonry, smaller stones were layered on top to raise the height. The oldest dam in India might look simple on the outside but it has a unique and curved masonry with an irregular sloping crest from front to rear.
The Kallanai Dam was built during the second century AD by Karikalan, a king of southern India’s old Chola Dynasty#KallanaiDam #Dam #Trichy #Tiruchirappalli #TamilnaduTourism #Incredibleindia #Tourism pic.twitter.com/dXson88RSW
— Tamil Nadu Tourism (@tntourismoffcl) March 29, 2019
The Kallanai Dam Was Re-displayed By The British In The nineteenth hundred years
The most seasoned dam in India could have been worked by the Chola Dynasty. Notwithstanding, it was the British who re-demonstrated it. The Kallanai dam’s construction changed during the nineteenth Century. And that made the dam more grounded to endure the tides of time. Commander Caldwell, a tactical specialist in 1804, was responsible for supporting water system in the delta regions in India. The chief’s examination uncovered that with greatest water going into the Kallanai Dam. The water left for water system was less and adequately not. It was then that Caldwell proposed to raise the dam. Presently the dam stones raised to a level of 0.69 meters, which has expanded the limit of the dam.
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